Author(s): Sandrini A, Taylor DR, Thomas PS, Yates DH
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Abstract In asthma, clinical symptoms and lung function are insensitive in reflecting the underlying airway inflammation, and monitoring of this process has only recently become available. Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (Fe(NO)) is now recognized as a reliable surrogate marker of eosinophilic airway inflammation and offers the advantage of being completely non-invasive and very easy to obtain. This review summarizes the clinical use of Fe(NO) in asthma. It covers the relationship between Fe(NO) and the underlying eosinophilic inflammation, the pathophysiology and production of Fe(NO), technical aspects of Fe(NO) measurement and potential confounding factors in interpreting levels. Fe(NO) reference values and the role of Fe(NO) in asthma assessment, diagnosis and management are also discussed.
This article was published in Respirology
and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology