Author(s): Simic PM, Weiland AJ
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Abstract Fractures of the distal end of the radius are among the most common orthopaedic injuries, and treatment of these fractures has changed over the course of time. Many fractures of the distal radius are in fact relatively uncomplicated and are effectively treated by closed reduction and casting. However, fractures that are either unstable and/or involve the articular surfaces can jeopardize the integrity of the articular congruence and/or the kinematics of these articulations. The goal of the treating physician should then be to restore the functional anatomy by a method that does not compromise hand function. The fracture pattern, degree of displacement, the stability of the fracture, and the age and physical demands of the patient determine the best treatment option. Over the past 20 years, there has been a development of more sophisticated internal and external fixation techniques and devices for the treatment of displaced fractures of the distal radius. The use of percutaneous pin fixation, external fixation devices that permit distraction and palmar translation, low profile internal fixation plates and implants, arthroscopically-assisted reduction, and bone grafting techniques including bone graft substitutes all have contributed to improving fracture stability and outcome.
This article was published in Instr Course Lect
and referenced in Journal of Trauma & Treatment