alexa Fragmented QRS complexes are associated with increased left ventricular mass in patients with essential hypertension.


Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Author(s): Kadi H, Kevser A, Ozturk A, Koc F, Ceyhan K

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Abstract BACKGROUND: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is an independent predictor of poor prognosis in patients with hypertension. In hypertensive hypertrophy, the pathophysiological mechanism is the accumulation of collagen in the myocardium. Fragmented QRS (fQRS) complexes are associated with myocardial fibrosis. METHODS: The study population included 90 patients with hypertension and a normal coronary angiogram. The fQRS was defined as the presence of an additional R wave (R'), notching of the R or S wave, or the presence of fragmentation in two contiguous leads corresponding to a major coronary artery. Echocardiographic examinations were performed according to the recommendations of the American Society of Echocardiography. RESULTS: Forty-five patients who had fQRS and were suitable for the study criteria were compared with 45 age- and gender-matched patients who did not have fQRS according to demographic data and echocardiographic findings. The left ventricular (LV) mass index (g/m(2) ) was significantly higher (P < 0.001) in the group with fQRS. The wall thickness, diameter, volume, and ejection fraction (EF) were higher in this group (P < 0.001). Concentric and eccentric hypertrophy were also higher in this group (P < 0.001). In the logistic regression analysis, fQRS on ECG was an indicator of LVH in hypertensive patients (B = 0.064; P < 0.001; odds ratio = 1.066; 95\% confidence interval = 1.041-1.092) CONCLUSION: The LV mass index of the hypertensive patients who had fQRS on their ECGs was significantly higher than that of the patients who did not, and fQRS on ECG was an important indicator of LVH in hypertensive patients. ©2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. This article was published in Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

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