alexa Frailty in the elderly: the physical dimension.
Medicine

Medicine

Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research

Author(s): Abate M, Di Iorio A, Di Renzo D, Paganelli R, Saggini R,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Frailty may be considered as a vulnerable status, which can precede the onset of overt disability. Operational definitions of frailty vary widely according to the conceptual framework: some authors consider frailty in a broad sense, which encompasses the physical, social, cognitive, psychological dimensions and comorbidity, whereas others define the syndrome more restrictively, mainly on the basis of performance parameters, such as gait speed, grip strength and physical activity. All these definitions are provided of a high predictive value for adverse outcomes, such as disability, hospitalization and mortality. Sarcopenia (i.e. the reduction of muscular mass and function) plays a predominant role in the pathogenesis of frailty. Among the factors responsible for sarcopenia (such as proinflammatory cytokines, low growth hormone and testosterone levels, increased production of oxygen free radicals, malnutrition and reduced neurological drive), immobility and lack of exercise have a preponderant role. Therefore, the diagnosis of frailty is mandatory for the early identification of a subset of elderly subjects at high risk, which can receive benefit from rehabilitation. A self-report and objective evaluation of physical performance are the best indicators of frailty in elderly subjects, a poor performance suggesting the need of an early and proper intervention. Structured exercise programs are effective in contrasting the progression of frailty, but an healthy and active lifestyle may be sufficient for delaying the onset of disability. In conclusion, there is clear evidence for prescription of exercise within the mainstream of the medical practice, rather than as an optional adjunct to standard care of the oldest old, given the public health implication of frailty, whose prevalence is going to increase in western populations.
This article was published in Eura Medicophys and referenced in Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version