alexa Francisella tularensis inhibits Toll-like receptor-mediated activation of intracellular signalling and secretion of TNF-alpha and IL-1 from murine macrophages.
General Science

General Science

Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense

Author(s): Telepnev M, Golovliov I, Grundstrm T, Trnvik A, Sjstedt A, Telepnev M, Golovliov I, Grundstrm T, Trnvik A, Sjstedt A

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Microbial ligands, including lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and bacterial lipoproteins, activate Toll-like receptors (TLR) of mononuclear phagocytes, thereby inducing proinflammatory cytokines and antimicrobial activity. We show that Francisella tularensis, an intracellular pathogen, is capable of inhibiting this macrophage response. Infection with the live vaccine strain F. tularensis LVS rendered cells of the murine macrophage-like cell line J774A.1 incapable of secreting TNF-alpha or IL-1beta and mobilizing an antimicrobial activity in response to bacterial lipopeptide or Escherichia coli-derived LPS. Inhibition of TNF-alpha secretion occurred also when J774 cells were infected with F. tularensis LVS in the presence of chloramphenicol, but not when they were infected with a mutant of F. tularensis LVS defective in expression of a 23 kDa protein that is upregulated during intracellular infection. Purified F. tularensis LPS did not show an agonistic or antagonistic effect on the E. coli LPS-induced activation of the J774 cells. Francisella tularensis LVS suppressed the capability of the cells to respond to LPS or bacterial lipopeptide (BLP) with activation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB), and degradation of the in-hibitor of NF-kappaB, IkappaB, was blocked during the infection. Also the LPS- or BLP-induced phosphorylation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase p38 and the transcription factor c-Jun was inhibited by F. tularensis LVS but not by the 23 kDa protein mutant. In conclusion, F. tularensis appears capable of abrogating the TNF-alpha and IL-1 responses of macrophages induced by E. coli LPS or BLP via a mechanism that involves suppression of several intracellular pathways and is dependent on expression of a bacterial 23 kDa protein.
This article was published in Cell Microbiol and referenced in Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version