alexa Free radicals in breast carcinogenesis, breast cancer progression and cancer stem cells. Biological bases to develop oxidative-based therapies.
Oncology

Oncology

Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

Author(s): VeraRamirez L, SanchezRovira P, RamirezTortosa MC, RamirezTortosa CL, GranadosPrincipal S,

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Abstract Oxidative stress leads to lipid, carbohydrate, protein and DNA damage in biological systems and affects cell structure and function. Breast cancer cells are subjected to a high level of oxidative stress, both intracellular and extracellular. To survive, cancer cells must acquire adaptive mechanisms that counteract the toxic effects of free radicals exposure. These mechanisms may involve the activation of redox-sensitive transcription factors, increased expression of antioxidant enzymes and antiapoptotic proteins. Moreover, recent data maintain that different breast cancer cell types, show different intracellular antioxidant capacities that may determine their ability to resist radio and chemotherapy. The resistant cell type has been shown to correspond with tumor initiating cells, also known as cancer stem cells (CSCs), which are thought to be responsible for tumor initiation and metastasis. Abrogation of the above-mentioned adaptive mechanisms by redox regulation in cancer cells opens a promising research line that could have significant therapeutic applications. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Crit Rev Oncol Hematol and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

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