alexa Frequency and interrelations of risk factors for chronic low back pain in a primary care setting.
General Science

General Science

Journal of Ergonomics

Author(s): LefevreColau MM, Fayad F, Rannou F, Fermanian J, Coriat F,

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Abstract INTRODUCTION: Many risk factors have been identified for chronic low back pain (cLBP), but only one study evaluated their interrelations. We aimed to investigate the frequency of cLBP risk factors and their interrelations in patients consulting their general practitioners (GPs) for cLBP. METHODS: A cross-sectional, descriptive, national survey was performed. 3000 GPs randomly selected were asked to include at least one patient consulting for cLBP. Demographic, clinical characteristics and the presence of cLBP risk factors were recorded. The frequency of each cLBP risk factor was calculated and multiple correspondence analysis (MCA) was performed to study their interrelations. RESULTS: A total of 2068 GPs (68.9\%) included at least 1 patient, for 4522 questionnaires analyzed. In the whole sample of patients, the 2 risk factors most commonly observed were history of recurrent LBP (72.1\%) and initial limitation of activities of daily living (66.4\%). For working patients, common professional risk factors were beliefs, that LBP was due to maintaining a specific posture at work (79.0\%) and frequent heavy lifting at work (65.5\%). On MCA, we identified 3 risk-factor dimensions (axes) for working and nonworking patients. The main dimension for working patients involved professional risk factors and among these factors, patients' job satisfaction and job recognition largely contribute to this dimension. DISCUSSION: Our results shed in light for the first time the interrelation and the respective contribution of several previously identified cLBP risk factors. They suggest that risk factors representing a "work-related" dimension are the most important cLBP risk factors in the working population.
This article was published in PLoS One and referenced in Journal of Ergonomics

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