alexa From diamonds to black stone; myth to reality: Acute kidney injury with paraphenylene diamine poisoning.
Surgery

Surgery

Tropical Medicine & Surgery

Author(s): Naqvi R, Akhtar F, Farooq U, Ashraf S, Rizvi SA, Naqvi R, Akhtar F, Farooq U, Ashraf S, Rizvi SA

Abstract Share this page

Abstract AIM: We report here, a case series of patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) after ingestion of paraphenylene diamine (PPD) a derivative of analine. It is used as a colouring agent to dye hair, fur and plastic and in photographic films. METHODS: Subjects for the study reported here comprised a cohort of 100 patients coming to this institution with AKI following PPD poisoning. AKI was defined according to RIFLE criteria and PPD poisoning on the basis of history and presenting features. All patients had normal sized kidneys on ultrasonography and no previous co- morbidity. RESULTS: One hundred patients with AKI after PPD exposure were brought to this institute between May 2010 and February 2015. Among these, 56 were females, with mean age of 23.11 ± 7.94 years. Cause of AKI was toxic rhabdomyolysis as indicated by marked rise in muscle enzymes with mean lactate dehydrogenase and creatinine phosphokinase levels of 6665.22 ± 6272.04 and 194 486.66 ± 301 905.80, respectively. Hepatotoxicity with raised aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase was a main feature of the studied population. Renal replacement was required in 97\% of patients. Complete renal recovery was observed in 77 patients, while 16 died during the acute phase of illness. Respiratory failure and recurrent hyperkalaemia were the main causes of mortality. CONCLUSION: Easy availability and low cost of PPD has lead to a remarkable increase in the use of this substance, especially for suicidal purposes. Awareness of its effects among health professionals, as well as at a societal and government level, is needed at this time. © 2015 Asian Pacific Society of Nephrology. This article was published in Nephrology (Carlton) and referenced in Tropical Medicine & Surgery

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version