Author(s): Shlomchik MJ, Craft JE, Mamula MJ
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Abstract Systemic lupus erythematosus, a prototypical systemic autoimmune disease, is the result of a series of interactions within the immune system that ultimately lead to the loss of self-tolerance to nuclear autoantigens. Here, we present an integrated model that explains how self-tolerance is initially lost and how the loss of tolerance is then amplified and maintained as a chronic autoimmune state. Key to this model are the self-reinforcing interactions of T and B cells, which we suggest lead to perpetuation of autoimmunity as well as its spread to multiple autoantigen targets.
This article was published in Nat Rev Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology