alexa Front-loading sputum microscopy services: an opportunity to optimise smear-based case detection of tuberculosis in high prevalence countries.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Mycobacterial Diseases

Author(s): Ramsay A, Yassin MA, Cambanis A, Hirao S, Almotawa A,

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Abstract Setting. Ethiopia, Nepal, Nigeria, and Yemen. Objective. To reduce the time to complete sputum microscopy. Design. Cross-sectional surveys enrolling 923 patients with chronic cough in the 4 countries and using similar protocols. Spot-morning-spot sputum specimens were collected. An additional sputum specimen (Xspot) was collected one hour after the first, and the yields of the first two or the three specimens collected as spot-morning-spot or spot-Xspot-morning were compared. Results. 216 patients had >/= one positive smear. 210 (97\%) were identified by the spot-morning-spot, and 210 (97\%) were identified by the spot-Xspot-morning specimens, with 203 and 200 identified by the first 2 specimens of each approach, respectively. Neither difference was significant. Conclusions. The time to complete smear microscopy could be reduced.
This article was published in J Trop Med and referenced in Mycobacterial Diseases

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