alexa FSGS-associated alpha-actinin-4 (K256E) impairs cytoskeletal dynamics in podocytes.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Hereditary Genetics: Current Research

Author(s): Michaud JL, Chaisson KM, Parks RJ, Kennedy CR

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Mutations in the ACTN4 gene, encoding the actin crosslinking protein alpha-actinin-4, are associated with a familial form of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). Mice with podocyte-specific expression of K256E alpha-actinin-4 develop foot process effacement and glomerulosclerosis, highlighting the importance of the cytoskeleton in podocyte structure and function. K256E alpha-actinin-4 exhibits increased affinity for F-actin. However, the downstream effects of this aberrant binding on podocyte dynamics remain unclear. Wild-type and K256E alpha-actinin-4 were expressed in cultured podocytes via adenoviral infection to determine the effect of the mutation on alpha-actinin-4 subcellular localization and on cytoskeletal-dependent processes such as adhesion, spreading, migration, and formation of foot process-like peripheral projections. Wild-type alpha-actinin-4 was detected primarily in the Triton-soluble fraction of podocyte lysates and localized to membrane-associated cortical actin and focal adhesions, with some expression along stress fibers. Conversely, K256E alpha-actinin-4 was detected predominantly in the Triton-insoluble fraction, was excluded from cortical actin, and localized almost exclusively along stress fibers. Both wild-type and K256E alpha-actinin-4-expressing podocytes adhered equally to an extracellular matrix (collagen-I). However, podocytes expressing K256E alpha-actinin-4 showed a reduced ability to spread and migrate on collagen-I. Lastly, K256E alpha-actinin-4 expression reduced the mean number of actin-rich peripheral projections. Our data suggest that aberrant sequestering of K256E alpha-actinin-4 impairs podocyte spreading, motility, and reduces the number of peripheral projections. Such intrinsic cytoskeletal derangements may underlie initial podocyte damage and foot process effacement encountered in ACTN4-associated FSGS. This article was published in Kidney Int and referenced in Hereditary Genetics: Current Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version