alexa FT-IR microspectroscopic detection of metabolically deuterated compounds in the rat cerebellum: a novel approach for the study of brain metabolism.
Chemistry

Chemistry

Journal of Physical Chemistry & Biophysics

Author(s): Wetzel DL, Slatkin DN, LeVine SM, Wetzel DL, Slatkin DN, LeVine SM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Deuteration provides a novel means for studying metabolism in biological organisms and avoids the use of radioisotopes. Ingestion of D2O enriched drinking water causes deuterium to be metabolically incorporated into molecules within tissues. The incorporation of deuterium into various chemical functional groups then can be monitored via infrared spectroscopy. The excellent spatial resolution that can be achieved with Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) microspectrometers allows collection of infrared spectra from select microscopic regions of tissue specimens. Thus, combining deuteration together with FT-IR microspectroscopy enables analysis of metabolic activities by probing subregions within the microscopic field. In the present study, adult rats were given drinking water containing 30\% or 40\% D2O for 5 1/2 weeks. Frozen sections were prepared from the cerebellum, and infrared spectra were collected from the molecular layer, granule cell layer and white matter with FT-IR microspectrometers, using both conventional and synchrotron sources. The CD:CH and ND,OD:NH,OH ratios were highest in the molecular layer and lowest in the white matter. The high ratios in the molecular layer are consistent with the active synthesis and recycling at synapses, which are abundant structures in this layer. The low levels in the white matter are consistent with radioactive measures that found slow turnovers of proteins and lipids in myelin, which is the main constituent of white matter. In addition to describing the metabolic incorporation of deuterium, a graphic description of the distribution of chemical functional groups in the various layers of the cerebellum is presented. In summary, this study demonstrates that FT-IR microspectroscopy in conjunction with administration of D2O in drinking water can be used to reveal relative metabolic activities in various layers of the cerebellum. We predict that metabolic activities in other tissues and tissues in different states, e.g., disease states, can be analyzed in a similar manner.
This article was published in Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) and referenced in Journal of Physical Chemistry & Biophysics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 2nd International Conference on Applied Chemistry  
    October 16-17, 2017 Toronto, Canada
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords