Author(s): Tonelli F, Lim KG, Loveridge C, Long J, Pitson SM,
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Abstract Sphingosine kinase 1 (SK1) is an enzyme that catalyses the phosphorylation of sphingosine to produce the bioactive lipid sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P). We demonstrate here that FTY720 (Fingolimod) and (S)-FTY720 vinylphosphonate are novel inhibitors of SK1 catalytic activity and induce the proteasomal degradation of this enzyme in human pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells, MCF-7 breast cancer cells and androgen-independent LNCaP-AI prostate cancer cells. Proteasomal degradation of SK1 in response to FTY720 and (S)-FTY720 vinylphosphonate is associated with the down-regulation of the androgen receptor in LNCaP-AI cells. (S)-FTY720 vinylphosphonate also induces the apoptosis of these cells. These findings indicate that SK1 is involved in protecting LNCaP-AI from apoptosis. This protection might be mediated by so-called 'inside-out' signalling by S1P, as LNCaP-AI cells exhibit increased expression of S1P(2/3) receptors and reduced lipid phosphate phosphatase expression (compared with androgen-sensitive LNCaP cells) thereby potentially increasing the bioavailability of S1P at S1P(2/3) receptors. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Cell Signal
and referenced in Medicinal Chemistry