Author(s): Ide LM, Iwakoshi NN, Gangadharan B, Jobe S, Moot R,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Major complications with respect to the development of gene therapy treatments for hemophilia A include low factor VIII (fVIII) expression and humoral immune responses resulting in inhibitory anti-fVIII antibodies. We previously achieved sustained curative fVIII activity levels in hemophilia A mice after nonmyeloablative transplantation of genetically-modified hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) encoding a B-domain deleted porcine fVIII (BDDpfVIII) transgene with no evidence of an immune response. METHODS: Mouse HSCs were transduced using MSCV-based recombinant virus encoding BDDpfVIII and transplanted into hemophilia A mice. Transplanted mice were followed for donor cell engraftment, fVIII expression and activity, and generation of anti-fVIII immune response. RESULTS: We now show that: (i) the protein expressed by hematopoietic cells has a specific activity similar to that of purified protein; (ii) BDDpfVIII expressed from hematopoietic cells effectively induces thrombus formation, which is shown using a new method of in vivo analysis of fVIII function; (iii) naïve and pre-immunized mice receiving HSC gene therapy are nonresponsive to challenges with recombinant human fVIII; (iv) nonresponsiveness is not broken after stringent challenges with BDDpfVIII; and (v) T cells from these mice are unresponsive to BDDpfVIII presentation. Furthermore, stem cells isolated from donors with high titer anti-human fVIII antibodies show no defects in donor cell engraftment or the ability to express BDDpfVIII. CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that HSC gene therapy can be an effective alternative treatment for individuals with hemophilia A and may benefit patients by inducing immunological nonresponsiveness to fVIII replacement products.
This article was published in J Gene Med
and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy