alexa Functional defects of SKAP-55-deficient T cells identify a regulatory role for the adaptor in LFA-1 adhesion.


Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Wang H, Liu H, Lu Y, Lovatt M, Wei B,

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Abstract The ADAP-SKAP-55 module regulates T-cell receptor (TCR)-induced integrin clustering and adhesion in T cells. However, it has been unclear whether ADAP and/or SKAP-55 is an effector of the response. ADAP controls SKAP-55 expression such that ADAP(-/-) T cells are also deficient in SKAP-55 expression. In this study, we report the phenotype of the SKAP-55-deficient mouse. SKAP-55(-/-) T cells retain ADAP expression yet show defects in beta1 and beta2 integrin adhesion, leukocyte function-associated antigen 1 (LFA-1) clustering, production of the cytokines interleukin-2 and gamma interferon, and proliferation. This dependency was also reflected in more-transient conjugation times in response to the superantigen staphylococcal enterotoxin A on dendritic cells and a reduced number of cells with TCR/CD3 microcluster localization at the immunological synapse. SKAP-55(-/-) T cells showed the same general impairment of function as ADAP(-/-) T cells, indicating that SKAP-55 is an effector of the ADAP-SKAP-55 module. At the same time, the requirement for ADAP and SKAP-55 was not absolute, since a subset of peripheral T cells adhered with loss of expression of either adaptor. Further, dependency on SKAP-55 or ADAP differed with the strength of the TCR signal. As with the ADAP(-/-) mouse, SKAP-55-deficient mice showed no major effects on lymphoid development or the appearance of peripheral T cells, B cells, and NK cells. Our findings identify a clear effector role for SKAP-55 in LFA-1 adhesion in peripheral T cells and demonstrate that dependency on SKAP-55 and ADAP differs among T cells and differs with the strength of the TCR signal.
This article was published in Mol Cell Biol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

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