Author(s): Sabut SK, Sikdar C, Kumar R, Mahadevappa M
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the therapeutic effects of Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) of the tibialis anterior muscle on plantarflexor spasticity, dorsiflexor strength, voluntary ankle dorsiflexion, and lower extremity motor recovery with stroke survivors. DESIGN: We conducted a prospective interventional study. SETTING: Rehabilitation ward, physiotherapy unit and gait analysis laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-one patients with foot drop resulting from stroke. INTERVENTION: The functional electrical stimulation (FES) group (n=27) received 20-30 minutes of electrical stimulation to the peroneal nerve and anterior tibial muscle of the paretic limb along with conventional rehabilitation program (CRP). The control group (n=24) treated with CRP only. The subjects were treated 1 hr per day, 5 days a week, for 12 weeks. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Plantarflexor spasticity measured by modified ashworth scale (MAS), dorsiflexion strength measured by manual muscle test (MMT), active/passive ankle joint dorsiflexion range of motion, and lower-extremity motor recovery by Fugl-Meyer assessment (FMA) scale. RESULTS: After 12 weeks of treatment, there was a significant reduction in a plantarflexor spasticity by 38.3\% in the FES group and 21.2\% in control group (P< 0.05), between the beginning and end of the trial. Dorsiflexor muscle strength was increased significantly by 56.6\% and 27.7\% in the FES group and control group, respectively. Similarly, voluntary ankle dorsiflexion and lower-extremity motor function improved significantly in both the groups. No significant differences were found in the baseline measurements among groups. When compared with control group, a significant improvement (p< 0.05) was measured in all assessed parameters in the FES group at post-treatment assessment, thus FES therapy has better effect on recovery process in post-stroke rehabilitation. CONCLUSIONS: Therapy combining FES and conventional rehabilitation program was superior to a conventional rehabilitation program alone, in terms of reducing spasticity, improving dorsiflexor strength and lower extremity motor recovery in stroke patients.
This article was published in NeuroRehabilitation
and referenced in International Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation