alexa Functional growth in tissue-engineered living, vascular grafts: follow-up at 100 weeks in a large animal model.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Tissue Science & Engineering

Author(s): Hoerstrup SP, Cummings Mrcs I, Lachat M, Schoen FJ, Jenni R,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Living autologous vascular grafts with the capacity for regeneration and growth may overcome the limitations of contemporary artificial prostheses. Particularly in congenital cardiovascular surgery, there is an unmet medical need for growing replacement materials. Here we investigate growth capacity of tissue-engineered living pulmonary arteries in a growing lamb model. METHODS AND RESULTS: Vascular grafts fabricated from biodegradable scaffolds (ID 18+/-l mm) were sequentially seeded with vascular cells. The seeded constructs were grown in vitro for 21 days using biomimetic conditions. Thereafter, these tissue-engineered vascular grafts (TEVGs) were surgically implanted as main pulmonary artery replacements in 14 lambs using cardiopulmonary bypass and followed up for < or = 100 weeks. The animals more than doubled their body weight during the 2-year period. The TEVG showed good functional performance demonstrated by regular echocardiography at 20, 50, 80, and 100 weeks and computed tomography-angiography. In particular, there was no evidence of thrombus, calcification, stenosis, suture dehiscence, or aneurysm. There was a significant increase in diameter by 30\% and length by 45\%. Histology showed tissue formation reminiscent of native artery. Biochemical analysis revealed cellularity and proteoglycans and increased collagen contents in all of the groups, analogous to those of native vessels. The mechanical profiles of the TEVG showed stronger but less elastic tissue properties than native pulmonary arteries. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides evidence of growth in living, functional pulmonary arteries engineered from vascular cells in a full growth animal model. This article was published in Circulation and referenced in Journal of Tissue Science & Engineering

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 6th International Conference on Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
    August 23-24 , 2017 San Francisco, California ,USA
  • 8th International Conference on Tissue Science and Regenarative Medicine
    September 11-12, 2017 Singapore City, singapore
  • 9th Annual Conference on Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine
    Sep 25-26, 2017 Berlin, Germany
  • 10th World Congress on Stem Cell and Biobanking
    October 23-24, 2017 Osaka, Japan

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version