alexa Functional interaction between PARP-1 and PARP-2 in chromosome stability and embryonic development in mouse.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Author(s): Mnissier de Murcia J, Ricoul M, Tartier L, Niedergang C, Huber A,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The DNA damage-dependent poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases, PARP-1 and PARP-2, homo- and heterodimerize and are both involved in the base excision repair (BER) pathway. Here, we report that mice carrying a targeted disruption of the PARP-2 gene are sensitive to ionizing radiation. Following alkylating agent treatment, parp-2(-/-)-derived mouse embryonic fibroblasts exhibit increased post-replicative genomic instability, G(2)/M accumulation and chromosome mis-segregation accompanying kinetochore defects. Moreover, parp-1(-/-)parp-2(-/-) double mutant mice are not viable and die at the onset of gastrulation, demonstrating that the expression of both PARP-1 and PARP-2 and/or DNA-dependent poly(ADP-ribosyl) ation is essential during early embryogenesis. Interestingly, specific female embryonic lethality is observed in parp-1(+/-)parp-2(-/-) mutants at E9.5. Meta phase analyses of E8.5 embryonic fibroblasts highlight a specific instability of the X chromosome in those females, but not in males. Together, these results support the notion that PARP-1 and PARP-2 possess both overlapping and non-redundant functions in the maintenance of genomic stability.
This article was published in EMBO J and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords