alexa Functional nicotinic acetylcholine receptors that mediate ganglionic transmission in cardiac parasympathetic neurons.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Bibevski S, Zhou Y, McIntosh JM, Zigmond RE, Dunlap ME

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Abstract Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) mediate ganglionic transmission in the peripheral autonomic nervous system in mammals. Functional neuronal nAChRs have been shown to assemble from a combination of alpha and beta subunits, including alpha3, alpha5, alpha7, beta2, and beta4 in RNA-injected oocytes, but the subunit composition of functional neuronal nAChRs in vivo in mammals remains unknown. We examined the subunit composition of functional nAChRs in the intracardiac parasympathetic ganglion in a physiologically intact system in vivo. We report here that localized perfusion of the canine intracardiac ganglion in situ with an antagonist specific for nAChRs containing an alpha3/beta2 subunit interface (alpha-conotoxin MII 100-200 nm) resulted in reversible attenuation of the sinus cycle length (SCL) response by approximately 70\% to electrical stimulation of the preganglionic vagus nerve. Perfusion with antagonist specific for receptors containing an alpha3/beta4 subunit interface (alpha-conotoxin AuIB 1 micrometer) resulted in attenuation in SCL responses (approximately 20\%) compared with baseline when applied by itself, but not in animals pretreated with alpha-conotoxin MII. Perfusion of the ganglion with alpha-bungarotoxin (1 micrometer, which blocks alpha7 receptors) caused a reduction in SCL response by approximately 30\% compared with baseline when perfused on its own and when added after blockade with MII and AuIB. Perfusion with hexamethonium bromide resulted in complete blockade of ganglionic transmission, confirming total perfusion of the ganglion and the nicotinic nature of ganglionic transmission at this synapse. Immunohistochemistry using monoclonal antibodies against specific nicotinic subunits confirmed the presence of alpha3, alpha7, beta2, and beta4 subunits. We conclude that functional ganglionic transmission in the canine intracardiac ganglion is mediated primarily by receptors containing an alpha3/beta2 subunit interface, with a smaller contribution by receptors containing alpha7 nAChRs. Despite the presence of beta4 subunits in functional channels, a contribution of a distinct alpha3/beta4 receptor population that does not include an alpha3/beta2 subunit interface was less clear.
This article was published in J Neurosci and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

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