alexa Functions of frontostriatal systems in cognition: comparative neuropsychopharmacological studies in rats, monkeys and humans.


Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Chudasama Y, Robbins TW

Abstract Share this page

Abstract A comparative and integrated account is provided of the evidence that implicates frontostriatal systems in neurodegenerative and neuropsychiatric disorders. Specifically, we have made detailed comparisons of performance following basal ganglia disease such as Parkinson's disease, with other informative groups, including Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and structural damage to the frontal lobes themselves. We have reviewed several behavioural paradigms including spatial attention and set-shifting, working memory and decision-making tasks in which optimal performance requires the operation of several cognitive processes that can be successfully dissociated with suitable precision in experimental animals. The role of ascending neurotransmitter systems are analysed from the perspective of different interactions with the prefrontal cortex. In particular, the role of dopamine in attentional control and spatial working memory is surveyed with reference to its deleterious as well as facilitatory effects. Parallels are identified in humans receiving dopaminergic medication, and with monkeys and rats with frontal dopamine manipulations. The effects of serotonergic manipulations are also contrasted with frontal lobe deficits observed in both humans and animals. The main findings are that certain tests of frontal lobe function are very sensitive to several neurocognitive and neuropsychiatric disorders. However, the nature of some of these deficits often differs qualitatively from those produced by frontal lobe lesions, and animal models have been useful in defining various candidate neural systems thus enabling us to translate basic laboratory science to the clinic, as well as in the reverse direction. This article was published in Biol Psychol and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version