alexa Fundoplication in preterm infants with gastro-oesophageal reflux.
Pulmonology

Pulmonology

Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine

Author(s): Justo RN, Gray PH

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Abstract Gastro-oesophageal reflux in preterm infants may result in recurrent pulmonary insult due to aspiration of gastric contents, and intractable obstructive apnoea. Fundoplication is effective in controlling reflux when medical management has failed. Our experience between 1981 and 1990 was reviewed to assess the efficacy of early surgery in the management of 11 such infants. The infants had a median gestational age of 29 weeks and a median birthweight of 1032 g. Nine infants had fundoplication for recurrent aspiration pneumonitis and two for intractable apnoea. The median age at the time of surgery was 100 days and the median weight of the infants was 2640 g. Nine infants were oxygen dependent and two were still ventilated at the time of surgery. The operative procedure was well tolerated by 10 of the 11 infants. Surgery failed to control reflux in two infants, although good control was obtained in the one who had subsequent surgery. Three infants required prolonged ventilation postoperatively; two of them died later from pulmonary failure. The median time to discharge was 24 days (8-113 days). All infants with intractable apnoea were cured by surgery. Fundoplication is an effective method of management when used early in the treatment of chronic gastro-oesophageal reflux in preterm infants. There is minimal morbidity from the surgical procedure.
This article was published in J Paediatr Child Health and referenced in Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine

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