Author(s): Soukka T, Tenovuo J, LenanderLumikari M
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Abstract Human lactoferrin (LF) in its iron-free state (apo LF), killed Candida albicans in a time- and dose-dependent way. The lethal effect was stronger at pH 7.0 than at pH 5.5 and maximum inhibition at neutral pH was achieved in 25 min when the fungal cells were exposed to LF in 0.05 mM KCl at 37 degrees C. Fe(3+)-saturated LF had no fungicidal activity. Apo LF-mediated killing was also temperature-dependent with enhanced inhibition at higher temperatures (37 degrees, 42 degrees C). The presence of 1 mM D-glucose did not affect the candidacidal activity of apo LF but both phosphate and bicarbonate ions at physiological salivary concentrations completely blocked the anti-fungal effect. Therefore it seems unlikely that LF belongs to the major host defence factors against oral candidosis.
This article was published in FEMS Microbiol Lett
and referenced in Journal of Allergy & Therapy