Author(s): Gokhale SR, Padhye AM
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Abstract Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease caused by microbial infection that leads to destruction of supporting tissues of the teeth. The periodontal tissue destruction is a result of both microbial activity as well as host response. The best chance for clinical improvement may come from implementing complementary treatment strategies that target different aspects of the periodontal balance. Host response modulation, in combination with conventional treatment, offers to restore the balance between health and disease progression in the direction of a healing response. Various host modulatory therapies (HMT) have been developed or proposed to block pathways responsible for periodontal tissue break down. The newer drugs like bortezomib, infliximb, etanercept, vasoactive intestinal peptide, nitric oxide synthase inhibitors and denosumab are developed as a result of better understanding of pathogenesis of inflammatory tissue destruction and may represent the future of periodontal therapy. This review article focuses on the potential systemic host modulatory agents that target cell signalling pathways, cytokines and enzymes.
This article was published in Br Dent J
and referenced in International Journal of Inflammation, Cancer and Integrative Therapy