alexa GABA transporter heterogeneity: pharmacology and cellular localization.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Allergy & Therapy

Author(s): Borden LA

Abstract Share this page

gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian brain. GABA is cleared from the synaptic cleft by specific, high-affinity, sodium- and chloride-dependent transporters, which are thought to be located on presynaptic terminals and surrounding glial cells. While early studies suggested a distinction between neuronal and glial GABA transport, molecular cloning has revealed the existence of genes for four distinct GABA transporters (termed GAT-1, GAT-2, GAT-3 and BGT-1), thus revealing a greater heterogeneity than previously suspected. Heterologous expression has allowed a detailed characterization of their pharmacological properties, and has revealed that GAT-1 is the site of action of the anticonvulsant drug, Tiagabine. In-situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry demonstrate that each transporter has a unique regional distribution in the brain; in conjunction with experiments utilizing cell cultures, the neuronal vs glial localization of the various transporters is being elucidated. Future studies will be directed at determining the role of each transporter in the regulation of GABAergic transmission, and in the design of additional subtype-specific inhibitors, which may serve as novel therapeutic agents for the treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders.

This article was published in Neurochem Int and referenced in Journal of Allergy & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords