Author(s): Pattij T, Groenink L, Oosting RS, van der Gugten J, Maes RA,
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Abstract Previous studies in 5-HT(1A) receptor knockout (1AKO) mice on a mixed Swiss Websterx129/Sv (SWx129/Sv) and a pure 129/Sv genetic background suggest a differential gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA(A))-benzodiazepine receptor complex sensitivity in both strains, independent from the anxious phenotype. To further investigate these discrepancies, various GABA(A)-benzodiazepine receptor ligands were tested in different behavioral paradigms in 1AKO and wild type (WT) mice on a 129/Sv background. 1AKO and WT mice responded comparably to alprazolam, flumazenil, alcohol and pentylenetetrazol as measured in the stress-induced hyperthermia paradigm. In addition, sedative-anesthetic effects of pentobarbital measured via the righting reflex were similar and a selected dose of diazepam exerted similar anxiolytic effects in both genotypes in the elevated plus maze. In conclusion, 1AKO mice on a 129/Sv background have undisturbed GABA(A)-benzodiazepine receptor sensitivity in contrast to those described on a mixed Swiss Websterx129/Sv background. The anxious phenotype of 1AKO mice seems to occur independent of the GABA(A)-benzodiazepine receptor complex functioning.
This article was published in Eur J Pharmacol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology