Author(s): Na K, Lee SA, Jung SH, Shin BC
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Abstract Gadolinium (Gd)-based cancer therapeutic liposomes can be used for chemotherapeutics and diagnostics. In this study, dual functional liposomes co-encapsulating doxorubicin (Dox) and Gd were prepared by Dox-transition metal complexation. Preparation conditions were optimized to obtain liposomes containing high concentrations of Dox and Gd. The optimized liposomes Gd250 co-encapsulated 3.6 mM of Dox and 1.9 mM of Gd. The magnetic resonance (MR) properties of Gd250 liposomes were determined using a 4.7 T MR system. Cellular uptake of Dox was determined using a flow cytometer and a confocal microscopy and that of Gd was measured using an inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometer. Although encapsulated Gd exhibited lower relaxivity than MRbester®, which is widely used for clinical diagnosis, because of limited diffusion across the liposome membrane, Gd250 liposomes showed much higher cellular uptake than that of MRbester®. In Gd250 liposomes, Gd was highly accumulated in B16F10 cells, which could provide improved contrast sensitivity for molecular imaging. Additionally, in Gd250 liposomes, Dox was highly internalized, which could enhance its cancer therapeutic effects. Consequently, we suggest that dual functional liposomes can be used as therapeutic and diagnostic carriers. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces
and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability