Author(s): Kageyama H, Kita T, Toshinai K, Guan JL, Date Y,
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Abstract Galanin-like peptide (GALP) is produced in neurones in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus and is implicated in the neural control of feeding behaviour. Previously, we have reported that GALP immunoreactive fibres were in direct contact with orexin/hypocretin immunoreactive neurones in the rat lateral hypothalamus using double-immunofluorescence. Centrally administered GALP is known to stimulate feeding behaviour. However, the target neurones of this action have not been clarified. The present study aimed to determine features of the GALP-mediated neuronal feeding pathway in rat. Accordingly, at the ultrastructural level, GALP-immunoreactive axon terminals were found to make synapses on orexin/hypocretin immunoreactive cell bodies and dendritic processes in the lateral hypothalamus. c-Fos immunoreactivity was expressed in orexin/hypocretin-immunoreactive neurones but not in melanin concentrating hormone-immunoreactive neurones in the lateral hypothalamus at 90 min after the application of GALP by i.c.v. infusion. Furthermore, to determine whether GALP regulates feeding behaviour via orexin/hypocretin neurones, the feeding behaviour of rats was studied following GALP i.c.v. injection with or without anti-orexin A and B immunoglobulin (IgG) pretreatment. The anti-orexin IgGs markedly inhibited GALP-induced hyperphagia. These results suggest that orexin/hypocretin-containing neurones in the lateral hypothalamus are targeted by GALP, and that GALP-induced hyperphagia is mediated via orexin/hypocretin neurones in the rat hypothalamus.
This article was published in J Neuroendocrinol
and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta