alexa Galectin-1, a beta-galactoside-binding lectin in Chinese hamster ovary cells. I. Physical and chemical characterization.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Cho M, Cummings RD

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Abstract We report our studies on the characterization of an approximately 14-kDa lectin, termed galectin-1 that we have found to be expressed by Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. cDNA for galectin-1 from CHO cells was prepared and sequenced, and a recombinant form (rGal-1) was expressed in Escherichia coli. A mutated form of the protein that fully retained activity was also constructed (termed C2SrGal-1) in which Cys-2 was changed to Ser-2. rGal-1 was stable in the presence of reducing agent, but it quickly lost all activity in the absence of reducing agent. In contrast, glycoprotein ligands, such as basement membrane laminin, stabilized the activity of rGal-1 in the absence of reducing agent (t1/2 = 2 weeks). C2SrGal-1 was stable in the presence or absence of either ligand or reducing agent. Unexpectedly, galectin-1 was found to exist in a reversible and active monomer-dimer equilibrium with a Kd approximately 7 microM and an equilibration time of t1/2 approximately 10 h. Addition of haptenic sugars did not affect this equilibrium. Galectin-1 isolated from the cytosol of CHO cells was found to exist as monomers and dimers. These studies demonstrate that galectin-1 binding to a biological ligand stabilizes its activity and that the monomer/dimer state of the protein is regulated by lectin concentration.
This article was published in J Biol Chem and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

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