Author(s): CedenoLaurent F, Opperman M, Barthel SR, Kuchroo VK, Dimitroff CJ
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Abstract Galectin-1 (Gal-1), a β-galactoside-binding protein, can alter fate and effector function of Th cells; however, little is known about how Gal-1 induces Th cell differentiation. In this article, we show that both uncommitted and polarized Th cells bound by Gal-1 expressed an immunoregulatory signature defined by IL-10. IL-10 synthesis was stimulated by direct Gal-1 engagement to cell surface glycoproteins, principally CD45, on activated Th cells and enhanced by IL-21 expression through the c-Maf/aryl hydrocarbon receptor pathway, independent of APCs. Gal-1-induced IL-10(+) T cells efficiently suppressed T cell proliferation and T cell-mediated inflammation and promoted the establishment of cancer immune-privileged sites. Collectively, these findings show how Gal-1 functions as a major glycome determinant regulating Th cell development, inflammation, and tumor immunity.
This article was published in J Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science