Author(s): Betker AL, Desai A, Nett C, Kapadia N, Szturm T
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Abstract BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Goal-oriented, task-specific training has been shown to improve function; however, it can be difficult to maintain patient interest. This report describes a rehabilitation protocol for the maintenance of balance in a short-sitting position following spinal cord and head injuries by use of a center-of-pressure-controlled video game-based tool. The scientific justification for the selected treatment is discussed. CASE DESCRIPTION: Three adults were treated: 1 young adult with spina bifida (T10 and L1-L2), 1 middle-aged adult with complete paraplegia (complete lesion at T11-L1), and 1 middle-aged adult with traumatic brain injury. All patients used wheelchairs full-time. OUTCOMES: The patients showed increased motivation to perform the game-based exercises and increased dynamic short-sitting balance. DISCUSSION: The patients exhibited increases in practice volume and attention span during training with the game-based tool. In addition, they demonstrated substantial improvements in dynamic balance control. These observations indicate that a video game-based exercise approach can have a substantial positive effect by improving dynamic short-sitting balance.
This article was published in Phys Ther
and referenced in Journal of Spine