Author(s): Hyuga S, Kawasaki N, Hyuga M, Ohta M, Shibayama R,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract We previously reported that ganglioside GD1a, which is highly expressed in poorly metastatic FBJ-S1 cells, inhibits the serum-induced motility of FBJ-LL cells and that the metastatic potential of FBJ-LL cells is completely suppressed by enforced GD1a expression (Hyuga et al., Int J Cancer 1999;83:685-91). We recently discovered that hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) induces FBJ-LL cell motility. In the present study, the HGF-induced motility of FBJ-S1 cells was found to be one-thirtieth that of FBJ-LL cells. This motility of GD1a-expressing transfectants, which were produced by transfection of FBJ-LL cells with GM2/GD2 synthase cDNA, decreased with increases in their GD1a expression and HGF induced almost no motility in GD1a-pretreated FBJ-LL cells, indicating that GD1a inhibits the HGF-induced motility of FBJ-LL cells. The expression of the HGF receptor c-Met on FBJ-S1 cells, FBJ-LL cells, transfectants and a mock-transfectant was almost the same. The level of tyrosine phosphorylation of c-Met after HGF stimulation in FBJ-S1 cells, GD1a-pretreated FBJ-LL cells and a GD1a-expressing transfectant was significantly lower than in FBJ-LL cells and a mock-transfectant. These findings suggested that GD1a inhibits the HGF-induced motility of FBJ-LL cells through suppression of tyrosine phosphorylation of c-Met. HepG2 cells, a human hepatoma cell line, were used to investigate whether GD1a interferes with other cancer cells expressing c-Met. HepG2 cells did not express GD1a. HGF induced cell scattering of HepG2 cells and the scattering was inhibited by pretreating the cells with GD1a. The c-Met in the cells was autophosphorylated by stimulation with HGF, but after treating the cells with GD1a, the HGF-induced autophosphorylation of c-Met was suppressed. These results suggest that GD1a acts as a negative regulator of c-Met in cancer cells. Copyright 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
This article was published in Int J Cancer
and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics