Author(s): Kanda N, Tamaki K
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Abstract Gangliosides are sialic acid-containing glycolipids, that have various immunomodulatory effects. We previously reported that various gangliosides in vitro either inhibited or enhanced spontaneous immunoglobulin (Ig) production by human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). GD1b was one of the inhibitory gangliosides. In this study, we further examined the mechanism for the inhibitory effect of GD1b. The inhibitory effect of GD1b was revealed at 0.1 microM, increased dose dependently, and was maximized at 10 microM, which reduced spontaneous IgG, IgM, and IgA production of human PBMC by 50.5\%, 52.0\%, and 48.3\% compared with controls, respectively. GD1b did not affect the proliferation and viability of PBMC. GD1b did not alter Ig production of B cells alone. Interleukin 6 (IL-6) and IL-10 each partially reversed the GD1b-induced inhibition of Ig production by PBMC, and the addition of both cytokines completely reversed the inhibition. When endogenous IL-6 and IL-10 were neutralized by specific antibodies, GD1b did not reveal inhibitory effects on the Ig production. GD1b inhibited IL-6 and IL-10 production of CD4+ T cells, without affecting those of CD8+ T cells, monocytes, or B cells. When CD4+ T cells were preincubated with GD1b and washed and cultured with B cells and monocytes, Ig production was also suppressed. These results suggest that GD1b may indirectly suppress Ig production of B cells in whole PBMC by reducing IL-6 and IL-10 production of CD4+ T cells. GD1b may act as an important inhibitor of human humoral immune responses.
This article was published in Exp Hematol
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