alexa Ganglioside GT1b as a complementary receptor component for Clostridium botulinum neurotoxins.
General Science

General Science

Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense

Author(s): Kozaki S, Kamata Y, Watarai S, Nishiki T, Mochida S

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Clostridium botulinum type B neurotoxin (BoNT/B) recognizes a complex of synaptotagmin II and ganglioside GT1b or GD1a as the high-affinity toxin binding site. Recombinant deletion mutants of synaptotagmin II allowed us to demonstrate that the N-terminal domain including the transmembrane region retains BoNT/B binding activity while the C-terminal domain is not involved in constituting the BoNT/B receptor. BoNT/B binding to reconstituted lipid vesicles containing synaptotagmin II and gangliosides showed that GT1b and GD1a confer the difference in the maximum binding capacity but not in the dissociation constant. The direct binding of GT1b to the deletion mutants revealed that the transmembrane region is required to bind GT1b, suggesting that synaptotagmin II binds to the ceramide portion of gangliosides within the plasma membrane. A monoclonal antibody against GT1b effectively inhibited not only BoNT/B binding to the reconstituted lipid vesicles and brain synaptosomes but also type A BoNT (BoNT/A) binding to brain synaptosomes. In addition, the monoclonal antibody antagonized the action of both BoNT/A and BoNT/B on synaptic transmission of rat superior cervical ganglion neurons. These results suggest that GT1b functions as a component of the receptor complex. Copyright 1998 Academic Press
This article was published in Microb Pathog and referenced in Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords