alexa Gangliosides GD1b, GT1b, and GQ1b enhance IL-2 and IFN-gamma production and suppress IL-4 and IL-5 production in phytohemagglutinin-stimulated human T cells.

Author(s): Kanda N, Watanabe S

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Gangliosides are sialic acid-containing glycolipids. We studied the in vitro effects of gangliosides on Th1 and Th2 cytokine production in PHA-stimulated human T cells. Gangliosides GD1b, GT1b, and GQ1b (each 100 nM) enhanced PHA-induced IL-2 secretion of peripheral blood T cells approximately 4-fold and enhanced that of IFN-gamma 3- to 4-fold compared with controls. These gangliosides decreased PHA-induced IL-4 secretion by 50-53\% and that of IL-5 by 53-63\% compared with controls, respectively. The other gangliosides did not alter the secretion of Th1 or Th2 cytokines. RT-PCR showed that GD1b, GT1b, and GQ1b enhanced PHA-induced IL-2 and IFN-gamma transcription and suppressed that of IL-4 and IL-5. Transient transfection assays of Jurkat T cells showed that GD1b, GT1b, and GQ1b enhanced PHA-induced IL-2 and IFN-gamma promoter activities but suppressed those of IL-4 and IL-5. The cAMP analogue dibutyryl cAMP and the cAMP-elevating agents forskolin and 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine each reversed GD1b-, GT1b-, and GQ1b-induced stimulation of IL-2 and IFN-gamma production and inhibition of IL-4 and IL-5 production at the levels of proteins, transcription, and promoter activities. GD1b, GT1b, and GQ1b suppressed PHA-induced increase in cAMP level in T cells. These gangliosides suppressed PHA-stimulated adenylate cyclase activity in T cells. These results suggest that GD1b, GT1b, and GQ1b may enhance Th1 cytokine production while suppressing Th2 production by inhibiting adenylate cyclase activity.
This article was published in J Immunol and referenced in

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Recommended Journals

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords