Author(s): Gowthaman MK, Raghava Rao KS, Ghildyal NP, Karanth NG, Gowthaman MK, Raghava Rao KS, Ghildyal NP, Karanth NG
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Abstract In solid-state fermentation (SSF), interaction of heat and mass transfer with biochemical reaction (growth associated enzyme production) affects the bioreactor performance. This interaction was earlier observed to cause temperature and gaseous concentration gradients which reduced the effective bed height of the bioreactor. Since forced aeration is known to alleviate this problem, a packed column bioreactor with forced aeration was employed in the present study. Using wheat bran and Aspergillus niger CFTRI 1105, experiments were conducted for the production of the enzyme amyloglucosidase at various air flow rates. Temperatures and gas concentrations were recorded and enzyme activities estimated at different bed heights during the course of SSF. Gas concentration and temperature gradients decreased with increasing air flow rate. The packed column allowed the use of larger bed heights and yielded higher enzyme activities (6,260 Units/gDMB) than trays (345 Units/gDMB). Enzyme activity was affected more by temperature than concentration gradients, and increased with air flow rates.
This article was published in Biotechnol Adv
and referenced in Journal of Bioprocessing & Biotechniques