alexa Gemfibrozil increases plasma pravastatin concentrations and reduces pravastatin renal clearance.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Author(s): Kyrklund C, Backman JT, Neuvonen M, Neuvonen PJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Gemfibrozil increases the plasma concentrations of active acid forms of cerivastatin, lovastatin, and simvastatin. Pravastatin pharmacokinetics differs from those of these 3 statins, which are extensively metabolized. Our aim was to study the effects of gemfibrozil on the pharmacokinetics of pravastatin. METHODS: A randomized, placebo-controlled, 2-phase crossover study was carried out. Ten healthy volunteers took gemfibrozil (1200 mg/d) or placebo for 3 days. On day 3, each subject ingested a single 40-mg dose of pravastatin. The concentrations of pravastatin and gemfibrozil in plasma and the cumulative excretion of pravastatin into urine were measured up to 24 hours. RESULTS: During the gemfibrozil phase, the mean total area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) of pravastatin from 0 hours to infinity was 202\% (range, 40\%-412\%) of the corresponding value during the placebo phase (P <.05), but there was no difference in the half-life between the phases. The renal clearance of pravastatin was reduced from 25 L/h to 14 L/h by gemfibrozil (P <.0001), but the cumulative excretion of pravastatin into urine did not change significantly. The increase in the AUC of pravastatin from 0 to 24 hours correlated significantly with the decrease in the renal clearance of pravastatin (r = 0.72, P =.02). However, the change in renal clearance was only a minor contributor to the increase in pravastatin AUC. CONCLUSIONS: Gemfibrozil increases plasma concentrations of pravastatin. This is partly but not solely the result of the reduced renal clearance of pravastatin. The increase in pravastatin AUC from 0 hours to infinity by gemfibrozil may represent an interference with a transport protein. This article was published in Clin Pharmacol Ther and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version