Author(s): Holm AM, Sivertsen EA, Tunheim SH, Haug T, Bjerkeli V,
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Abstract Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) represents a heterogeneous group of antibody deficiency syndromes, characterized by defective antibody production in which T cell deficiency may play a pathogenic role. A subgroup of CVID patients has impaired in vitro T cell proliferation. Using microarray analyses of T cells from these patients, we found a gene expression pattern different from healthy controls and patients with X-linked agammaglobulinaemia. The profile of the differentially expressed genes suggests enhanced cytotoxic effector functions, antigen experienced or chronically activated T cells and a predominance of CCR7(-) T cells. Further experiments using flow cytometry revealed a striking predominance of CCR7(-) T cells in a subgroup of CVID patients, and an association with impaired T cell proliferation. Our observations indicate that a predominance of CCR7(-) T cells with effector-memory cell features and with reduced proliferative capacity may characterize a subgroup of CVID.
This article was published in Clin Exp Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology