alexa Generation of a soybean BAC library, and identification of DNA sequences tightly linked to the Rps1-k disease resistance gene
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Cloning & Transgenesis

Author(s): S S Salimath, M K Bhattacharyya

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A soybean bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library, comprising approximately 45 000 clones, was constructed from high-molecular-weight nuclear DNA of cultivar Williams 82, which carries the Rps1-k gene for resistance against Phytophthora sojae. The library is stored in 130 pools with about 350 clones per pool. Completeness of the library was evaluated for 21 random sequences including four markers linked to the Rps1 locus and 16 cDNAs. We identified pools containing BACs for all sequences except for one cDNA. Additionally, when screened for possible contaminating BAC clones carrying chloroplast genes, no sequences homologous to two barley chloroplast genes were found. The estimated average insert size of the BAC clones was about 105 kb. The library comprises about four genome equivalents of soybean DNA. Therefore, this gives a probability of 0.98 of finding a specific sequence from this library. This library should be a useful resource for the positional cloning of Rps1-k, and other soybean genes. We have also evaluated the feasibility of an RFLP-based screening procedure for the isolation of BAC clones specific for markers that are members of repetitive sequence families, and are linked to the Rps1-k gene. We show that BAC clones isolated for two genetically linked marker loci, Tgmr and TC1-2, are physically linked. Application of this method in expediting the map-based cloning of a gene, especially from an organism, such as soybean, maize and wheat, with a complex genome is discussed.

This article was published in Theoretical and Applied Genetics and referenced in Cloning & Transgenesis

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