alexa Generation of reactive oxygen species upon strong visible light irradiation of isolated phycobilisomes from Synechocystis PCC 6803.


Biochemistry & Analytical Biochemistry

Author(s): Rinalducci S, Pedersen JZ, Zolla L

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The mechanism of photodegradation of antenna system in cyanobacteria was investigated using spin trapping ESR spectroscopy, SDS-PAGE and HPLC-MS. Exposure of isolated intact phycobilisomes to illumination with strong white light (3500 micromol m(-2) s(-1) photosynthetically active radiation) gave rise to the formation of free radicals, which subsequently led to specific protein degradation as a consequence of reactive oxygen species-induced cleavage of the polypeptide backbone. The use of specific scavengers demonstrated an initial formation of both singlet oxygen (1O2) and superoxide (O2(-)), most likely after direct reaction of molecular oxygen with the triplet state of phycobiliproteins, generated from intersystem crossing of the excited singlet state. In a second phase carbon-based radicals, detected through the appearance of DMPO-R adducts, were produced either via O2(-) or by direct 1O2 attack on amino acid moieties. Thus photo-induced degradation of intact phycobilisomes in cyanobacteria occurs through a complex process with two independent routes leading to protein damage: one involving superoxide and the other singlet oxygen. This is in contrast to the mechanism found in plants, where damage to the light-harvesting complex proteins has been shown to be mediated entirely by 1O2 generation. This article was published in Biochim Biophys Acta and referenced in Biochemistry & Analytical Biochemistry

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version