alexa Genes and loci involved in febrile seizures and related epilepsy syndromes.
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Journal of Depression and Anxiety

Author(s): Audenaert D, Van Broeckhoven C, De Jonghe P

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Abstract Epilepsy is a paroxysmal disorder with a cumulative incidence of about 3\%. About 13\% of patients with epilepsy have a history of febrile seizures (FS). Generalized epilepsy with FS plus (GEFS+) is a familial epilepsy syndrome in which patients can have classic FS, FS that persist beyond the age of 5 years (i.e., FS+), and/or epilepsy. Both genetic and environmental factors have been shown to contribute to the pathogenesis of FS and GEFS+. During the past 10 years, molecular genetic studies have contributed a great deal to the identification of genetic factors involved in FS and GEFS+. In this study we aimed to provide a comprehensive review of currently known genes for FS and GEFS+, and the methods and approaches used to identify them. We also discuss the knowledge we currently have and hypotheses regarding the effect of the mutations on their respective protein functions. (c) 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc. This article was published in Hum Mutat and referenced in Journal of Depression and Anxiety

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