alexa Genetic analyses of BaMMV BaYMV resistance in barley accession HOR4224 result in the identification of an allele of the translation initiation factor 4e (Hv-eIF4E) exclusively effective against Barley mild mosaic virus (BaMMV).
Toxicology

Toxicology

Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology

Author(s): Perovic D, Krmer I, Habekuss A, Perner K, Pickering R,

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Abstract KEY MESSAGE: Based on a strategy combining extensive segregation analyses and tests for allelism with allele-specific re-sequencing an Hv-eIF4E allele exclusively effective against BaMMV was identified and closely linked markers for BaYMV resistance were developed. Soil-borne barley yellow mosaic disease is one of the most important diseases of winter barley. In extensive screenings for resistance, accession 'HOR4224' being resistant to three strains of Barley mild mosaic virus (BaMMV-ASL1, BaMMV-Sil, and BaMMV-Teik) and two strains of Barley yellow mosaic virus (BaYMV-1 and BaYMV-2) was identified. Analyses using Bmac29, being to some extent diagnostic for the rym4/5 locus, gave hint to the presence of the susceptibility-encoding allele at this locus. Therefore, 107 DH lines derived from the cross 'HOR4224' × 'HOR10714' (susceptible) were screened for resistance. Genetic analyses revealed an independent inheritance of resistance to BaMMV and BaYMV ([Formula: see text] = 5.58) both encoded by a single gene (BaMMV [Formula: see text] = 0.477; BaYMV [Formula: see text] = 0.770). Although Bmac29 indicated the susceptibility-encoding allele, BaMMV resistance of 'HOR4224' co-localized with rym4/rym5. The BaYMV resistance was mapped to chromosome 5H in the region of rym3. Sequencing of full length cDNA of the Hv-eIF4E gene displayed an already sequenced allele described to be efficient against BaMMV and BaYMV. However, the F1 progenies of crosses involving 'HOR4224' and rym4/rym5 donors were all resistant to BaMMV but susceptible to BaYMV. Therefore, this is the first report of an allele at the rym4/rym5 locus exclusively efficient against BaMMV. Changes in the specificity are due to one non-synonymous amino acid substitution (I118K). Results obtained elucidate that combining extensive segregation analyses and tests for allelism involving different strains of BaMMV/BaYMV in combination with allele-specific re-sequencing is an efficient strategy for gene and allele detection in complex pathosystems. This article was published in Theor Appl Genet and referenced in Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology

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