Author(s): Martnez MA, Rincn A, Desviat LR, Merinero B, Ugarte M,
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Abstract Isolated methylmalonic aciduria (MMA) is an inborn error of metabolism due to the impaired isomerization of l-methylmalonyl-CoA to succinyl-CoA. This reaction is catalyzed by the mitochondrial protein methylmalonyl-CoA mutase (MCM, EC 18.104.22.168), an adenosylcobalamin-dependent enzyme. Four different forms of isolated MMA have been described: mut MMA associated with defects in the MCM apoenzyme, and phenotypically divided into two subtypes mut- and mut0 MMA, and three different defects involved in the synthesis of the active form of the cofactor adenosylcobalamin, termed cbl MMA, and classified into three different complementation groups cblA, cblB, and cblH associated with defects in the MMAA and MMAB genes and with an unidentified protein, respectively. In this work we describe the genetic analysis of 25 MMA patients, mainly from Spain. Using biochemical and cellular approaches our patients have been classified, identifying 13 mut MMA, 7 cblA, 2 cblB, and 3 noncblA, noncblB deficient patients. cDNA and genomic DNA sequence analysis of the MUT, MMAA, and MMAB genes have allowed us to identify 27 different changes, 21 novel ones. Among the missense mutations identified in the MUT gene only one, the c.970G>A (p.A324T) variant located in the substrate binding domain is likely a mut- mutation. The remaining missense mutations c.326A>G (p.Q109R), c.983T>C (p.L328P), c.1846C>T (p.R616C), and c.1850T>G (p.L617R) are probably mut0. In the MMAA patients analyzed, frameshift mutations are prevalent. We have explored the genotype-phenotype correlation for this clinically heterogeneous disease.
This article was published in Mol Genet Metab
and referenced in Journal of Pharmacogenomics & Pharmacoproteomics