alexa Genetic and economic responses for within-family marker-assisted selection in dairy cattle breeding schemes.


Journal of Drug Metabolism & Toxicology

Author(s): Spelman RJ, Garrick DJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Marker-assisted selection schemes that utilize information about quantitative trait loci to preselect progeny test bulls within a family are the most practical application of quantitative trait loci results in the short-term. Technical difficulties exist for across-family marker-assisted selection using BLUP procedures. Two within-family marker-assisted selection schemes were evaluated genetically and economically using stochastic simulation for a locus that explained 5\% of phenotypic variance. The genetic and economic impacts of variation in the number of offspring per bull-dam were evaluated. The top down marker-assisted selection scheme identifies sires that are heterozygous for the locus based on the granddaughter design and uses the quantitative trait locus information in the preselection of grandsons entering progeny testing. The bottom up marker-assisted selection scheme identifies sires heterozygous for a quantitative trait locus based on the daughter design and uses the information in the preselection of sons entering progeny testing. The top down scheme with one progeny per bull-dam reduced the rate of genetic gain compared with that from a breeding scheme that ignored knowledge of the quantitative trait locus. The top down scheme with reproductive performance of 3 or 40 progeny per bull-dam increased genetic gain by 1 to 2\%. The bottom up scheme increased the rate of genetic gain by 1.5, 3.5, and 5\% for 1, 3, and 40 progeny per bull-dam, respectively. When the top down scheme was used on the maternal path and the bottom up scheme on the paternal path, increases were 9\% with 40 progeny per bull-dam. The use of reproductive technologies on bull-dams is imperative to prevent gains from marker-assisted selection being eroded by the loss in polygenic selection differential that results when more bull-dams are required to enable preselection of sons using markers. This article was published in J Dairy Sci and referenced in Journal of Drug Metabolism & Toxicology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version