Author(s): Yoshimoto H, Fukushige T, Yonezawa T, Sone H
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Abstract Branched-chain alcohols, such as isoamyl alcohol and isobutanol, and isoamyl acetate are important flavor components of yeast-fermented alcoholic beverages. Analysis of a null mutant of the BAT2 gene encoding cytosolic branched-chain amino acid aminotransferase, and a transformant with multi-copy plasmids containing the BAT2 gene showed that the BAT2 gene product plays an important role in the production of branched-chain alcohols and isoamyl acetate. Fermentation tests using the bat2 null mutant transformed with multi-copy plasmids carrying the ATF1 gene, which encodes alcohol acetyltransferase, indicated that modified expression of BAT2 and ATF1 genes could significantly alter the proportion of branched-chain alcohols and isoamyl acetate synthesized. Furthermore, fermentation tests using different ratios of nitrogen source and RNA blot analyses demonstrated that transcription of L-leucine biosynthetic ( LEU) and BAT genes is co-regulated by nitrogen source, that production of isoamyl alcohol depends on this transcription, and that ATF transcription increased with increased concentrations of nitrogen source. Our data suggest that changes in isoamyl alcohol production by nitrogen source are due to transcriptional co-regulation of LEU and BAT genes, and that production of isoamyl acetate is dependent on isoamyl alcohol production and ATF transcription.
This article was published in Appl Microbiol Biotechnol
and referenced in Applied Microbiology: Open Access