Author(s): Buroker NE, Ning XH, Zhou ZN, Li K, Cen WJ,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Acute (AMS) and chronic (CMS) mountain sicknesses are illnesses that occur among humans visiting or inhabiting high-altitude environments, respectively. Some individuals are genetically less fit than others when stressed by an extreme high-altitude environment. Seven blood physiological parameters and five genetic polymorphisms were studied in Han patients with AMS and Tibetan patients with CMS. METHODS: We compared 98 AMS patients with 60 Han controls as well as 50 CMS patients with 36 Tibetan controls. The genetic loci studied are ACE I/D (rs4340), AGT M235T (rs699), AGTR1 A1166C (rs5186), GNB3 A(-350)G (rs2071057) and APOB A/G (rs693). RESULTS: All physiological parameters (RBC, HCT, Hb, SaO(2), HR, and BPs/d) studied significantly changed in the CMS patients while SaO(2) and HR changed in the AMS Han patients compared to their controls. The ACE D and AGT 235M alleles were found to be significantly associated with AMS and CMS, respectively, while a significantly high incidence of the G-protein (GNB3) (-350)A allele was found in the AMS patients. ACE (I/D) was significantly associated with HR in CMS patients while the AGT M235T was significantly associated with SaO(2) and BPs/d in AMS patients. APOB A/G was significantly associated with BPs/d in AMS and HR in CMS patients. CONCLUSION: AMS and CMS share very similar genetic results for the ACE I/D and AGT M235T polymorphisms indicating that these mutations have an effect on both illnesses. Copyright 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Clin Chim Acta
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Medical Genomics