Author(s): Bai X, Chen JD, Yang AG, Torti F, Chen SY, Bai X, Chen JD, Yang AG, Torti F, Chen SY
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Abstract CC-chemokine receptor (CCR)-5 is the principal coreceptor for the entry of macrophage (M)-tropic HIV-1 viruses into a cell, while CXC-chemokine receptor (CXCR)-4 is the principal coreceptor for T cell line (T)-tropic HIV-1. In this study, we utilized a novel intracellular chemokine (intrakine) strategy to co-inactivate genetically both CCR-5 and CXCR-4 in human lymphocytes. The principle of co-inactivation of CCR-5 and CXCR-4 was illustrated by targeting the CC-intrakine and CXC-intrakine to the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) for intracellular blockade of the transport of newly synthesized chemokine coreceptors to the cell surface. The lymphocytes with the phenotypic knock-out of CCR-5 and CXCR-4 were found broadly to resist the infection of M-tropic, T-tropic and dual-tropic HIV-1 viruses. Moreover, the transduced lymphocytes retained normal cell features, including the responsiveness to mitogen and recall antigen stimulation. Thus, this study to our knowledge, is the first to demonstrate that genetic co-inactivation of the M- and T-tropic HIV-1 principal coreceptors in lymphocytes or other cells could be a viable strategy for the long-term control of HIV-1 infection.
This article was published in Gene Ther
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research