alexa Genetic dissection of interferon-antagonistic functions of rabies virus phosphoprotein: inhibition of interferon regulatory factor 3 activation is important for pathogenicity.
Biomedical Sciences

Biomedical Sciences

Journal of Bioanalysis & Biomedicine

Author(s): Rieder M, Brzzka K, Pfaller CK, Cox JH, Stitz L,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The rabies virus (RV) phosphoprotein (P) is a type I interferon (IFN) antagonist preventing both transcriptional induction of IFN and IFN-mediated JAK/STAT signaling. In addition, P is an essential cofactor of the viral polymerase and is required for encapsidation of viral RNA into nucleoprotein during replication. By site-directed mutagenesis, we have identified a domain of P required for efficient inhibition of IFN induction. Phosphoproteins lacking amino acids (aa) 176 to 181, 182 to 186, or 176 to 186 were severely compromised in counteracting phosphorylation of IRF3 and IRF7 by TBK1 or IKKi while retaining the full capacity of preventing nuclear import of activated STATs and of supporting virus transcription and replication. Recombinant RV carrying the mutated phosphoproteins (the SAD ΔInd1, SAD ΔInd2, and SAD ΔInd1/2 viruses) activated IRF3 and beta IFN (IFN-β) transcription in infected cells but still blocked STAT-mediated expression of IFN-stimulated genes. Due to a somewhat higher transcription rate, the SAD ΔInd1 virus activated IRF3 more efficiently than the SAD ΔInd2 virus. After intracerebral injection into mouse brains at high doses, the SAD ΔInd1 virus was completely apathogenic for wild-type (wt) mice, while the SAD ΔInd2 virus was partially attenuated and caused a slower progression of lethal rabies than wt RV. Neurovirulence of IFN-resistant RV thus correlates with the capacity of the virus to prevent activation of IRF3 and IRF7.
This article was published in J Virol and referenced in Journal of Bioanalysis & Biomedicine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords