alexa Genetic diversity of stem cells and their functional impact on the development of neural tube defects in Eastern population of India.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Hereditary Genetics: Current Research

Author(s): Saxena AK, Pandey S, Pandey LK

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Anencephaly and myelomeningocele are the 2 most common forms of neural tube defects (NTDs). During embryogenesis large numbers of extrinsic and intrinsic factors are responsible for the closing of the neural tube. "Stem cells" maintain the pluripotency during differentiation of 3 germ layers, including the neural ectoderm. We examined the role of Oct4, Nanog3, and Sox2 genes in the etiopathology of NTDs in an eastern Indian population using PCR-based DNA analysis. The highest frequency (16\%) of complete loss of the Sox2 gene was found in NTDs. The highest frequency (48\%) of overexpression (upregulation) was found for Nanog3, while 40\% was observed for Oct4 and Sox2. The odds ratio for cases versus controls was from 0.132 at 95\% confidence interval = 0.005-1.298 for Nanog3 to 2.316 (0.424-13.812) for Oct4. The highest frequency (77\%) of overexpression for Nanog3 and Sox2 was observed in encephalocele and anencephalic patients, while in the comparison of regional variation, i.e., cephalic to caudal regions of NTDs, the highest frequency of downregulation (regression) of Nanog3 and Sox2 was found in lumbosacral myelomeningocele patients. However, cervical myelomeningocele patients had the highest frequency of overexpression in all 3 genes, suggesting that the mutational spectra of stem cells influence the cells of the neural crest in NTDs. This article was published in Genet Mol Res and referenced in Hereditary Genetics: Current Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords