alexa Genetic modifiers of folate, vitamin B-12, and homocysteine status in a cross-sectional study of the Canadian population.


Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy

Author(s): Zinck JW, de Groh M, MacFarlane AJ

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Abstract BACKGROUND: Genetic variation can cause variable responses to environmental stimuli. A number of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been associated with B vitamin status or chronic diseases related to vitamin B-12 and folate metabolism. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to identify associations between common SNPs in genes related to folate and vitamin B-12 metabolism or associated with B vitamin-related chronic diseases and biomarkers of nutrient status in a population exposed to folic acid fortification. DESIGN: A panel of 116 SNPs was sequenced by using the Sequenom iPLEX Gold platform in a sample of 3114 adults aged 20-79 y from the Canadian Health Measures Survey, cycle 1. Associations between these SNPs and red blood cell (RBC) folate, serum vitamin B-12, and plasma total homocysteine were determined. RESULTS: Twenty-one SNPs and 6 haplotype blocks were associated with RBC folate, serum vitamin B-12, and/or plasma homocysteine concentrations. Vitamin status was associated mainly with SNPs in genes directly involved in vitamin absorption/uptake (CUBN, CD320), transport (TCN1, TCN2), or metabolism (BHMT2, CBS, MTHFR, MUT, SHMT1). Other SNPs included those in the DNMT2, DPEP1, FUT2, NOX4, and PON1 genes. CONCLUSIONS: We identified novel associations between SNPs in CD320 and DNMT2, which had been previously associated with neural tube defects, and vitamin B-12 status, as well as between SNPs in SHMT1, which had been previously associated with colorectal cancer and cardiovascular disease risk, and RBC folate status. These novel associations provide a plausible metabolic rationale for the association of these SNPs with B vitamin-related diseases. We also observed a novel association between an SNP in CUBN with RBC folate and confirmed the association of a number of SNPs with B vitamin status in this large cross-sectional study. © 2015 American Society for Nutrition. This article was published in Am J Clin Nutr and referenced in Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy

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