alexa Genetic risk factors and the anti-atherosclerotic effect of pioglitazone on carotid atherosclerosis of subjects with type 2 diabetes--a retrospective study.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetic Complications & Medicine

Author(s): Saitou M, Osonoi T, Kawamori R, Katakami N, Kaneto H, , Saitou M, Osonoi T, Kawamori R, Katakami N, Kaneto H,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract AIM: Pioglitazone, an agonist of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma, showed various anti-atherosclerotic effects on type 2 diabetic patients. This retrospective study was done to ascertain which risk factor(s) associate with anti-atherosclerotic effects of pioglitazone. METHODS: We enrolled 160 diabetic patients treated through diet only and 62 treated with pioglitazone and annually evaluated carotid maximum (MaxIMT) and averaged intima-media thickness (AveIMT) for 2 years. We analyzed the relation of 99 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) as well as conventional risk factors with the progression or regression of carotid atherosclerosis. RESULTS: The D allele of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene and 677 allele of the methylene-tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene showed a significant association with increases in MaxIMT among the diabetic subjects treated through diet only. The pioglitazone-treated carriers of the D allele showed an attenuation of MaxIMT as compared with the diet-treated carriers. The pioglitazone-treated carriers of the 677T allele carriers showed a significant attenuation of MaxIMT compared with the diet-treated carriers. CONCLUSIONS: Pioglitazone may exert anti-atherosclerotic effects on type 2 diabetics carrying the ACE gene's D allele and/or MTHFR gene's 677T allele, who showed a progression of carotid atherosclerosis without the drug.
This article was published in J Atheroscler Thromb and referenced in Journal of Diabetic Complications & Medicine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords